4 Common Dental Problems in Children and Ways to Prevent Them

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Your child’s teeth need as much care as the adults’ teeth, if not more. Infants and children are prone to common dental problems. Therefore, as a parent, it is your responsibility that you set good kids dental care routine to inculcate healthy oral standards in your child.
Most tooth problems in children are not serious and can be easily prevented or treated.

So, let’s have a look at the common dental diseases prevalent in children and how to prevent them.

Tooth Decay

Many adults and children are prone to dental problems. Unfortunately, infants too are susceptible to dental issues. Infants consume a lot of milk and sugary juices. This sugar stays on their newly forming teeth for long. The bacteria which are already present in the mouth
start feeding on the sugar thus causing caries. This condition is called a nursing bottle syndrome. In older children, tooth decay mainly occurs due to consumption of sugary foods, poor oral hygiene, and improper tooth structure. While pain and discomfort are the symptoms
children initially face, but if left untreated, the tooth decay can progress into a severe infection, which can even lead to the loss of the affected tooth.

Ways to Prevent Tooth Decay

 Start cleaning the teeth with a soft brush as soon as they begin to form.
 Ensure that your baby doesn’t fall asleep with milk in the mouth.
 Schedule a dental visit for children every six months.
 Supervise their oral hygiene measures.

Deposits on Teeth

Formation of deposits on teeth is another common dental problem associated with poor oral hygiene in children. Deposits on the teeth are of 2 types – Plague (a soft film that forms on the tooth) and tartar (the hard deposits on the tooth). While plague can be easily cleaned by brushing, it is the tartar that is the problem. Tartar cannot be removed by normal brushing; it has to be taken off mechanically by a process called scaling. When the plague is not removed properly, it stays on the tooth for long. The action of bacteria on plague hardens the film over time.

The hard deposits cause the following:
 bad mouth odor
 gum disease
 loss of teeth

Ways to Prevent Deposits on Teeth

 Teach the children the correct way to brush teeth.
 Schedule an appointment with the dentist, who can advise them the benefits of

Misaligned teeth

Misaligned teeth can occur due to lack of space during the formative stages of the teeth. Some of the dental problems associated with misaligned teeth are – overlapping of teeth, gaps between teeth, protrusion of teeth, and improper positioning of teeth. While misaligned teeth pose a cosmetic problem, it can also cause difficulty in chewing and speaking.

Ways to Prevent the Formation of Misaligned Teeth

 If your child is thumb sucking, make sure the concern is addressed at an early stage.
 If you see early signs of misaligned teeth, it’s best to consult a dentist.

Thumb sucking

While it is normal for newborn infants and toddlers to suck their thumb, but if the condition continues beyond 5 years, it can be a problem.
Here are some of the effects of thumb sucking on teeth:
 Misaligned teeth
 Teeth protrusion
 Ill-formed jaw structure
 Difficult in pronouncing certain words
 Tongue thrusting

Ways to Prevent Thumb Sucking

 To break this habit, encouraging and rewarding the child is important. Every time the child doesn’t suck the thumb, give a small incentive.
 Take the thumb out of the mouth after the child falls asleep.

Proper kids dental care can prevent a lot of common dental problems. The preventive measures mentioned above if followed can help avoid further serious complications.

To help you further, have a quick glance at the tips you should follow for children falling in the age
group of 0- 5 years:

Kids Dental Care: Brushing Tips According to Age (0 to 5 years)

Age Group: 0-12 months
Don’t put the baby to sleep with the milk bottle in the mouth.
Use a soft toothbrush and water to clean teeth as they appear.

Age Group: 12-18 months
Use a soft toothbrush and water to brush teeth twice a day.

Age Group: 18 months to 5 years
Use a soft toothbrush and a very small amount of low-fluoride toothpaste to brush the

As soon as the teeth begin to appear, kids dental care cannot be taken lightly. Regular dental visits are essential because your child inculcates healthy oral habits at an early age and also dental problems if any are identified and treated in time. Is your child showing signs of any of the dental problem listed above? It’s time to visit the dentist in Fresno today. Make an appointment with Dr. Long and his experienced team at  (559) 432-4850 now.

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