Periodontal diseases and tooth decay are two of the biggest threats to the dental health of Americans. It is basically an infection in the tissues which hold the teeth in place. Red, swollen or tender gums are some early warning signs of periodontal diseases.
The different stages of periodontal diseases are: a) gingivitis – the mildest form where the gum become irritated and swollen, b) periodontitis – infection and inflammation spread to the bone supporting the teeth, c) advanced periodontitis – pockets between teeth deepen more and get filled with pus as periodontitis advances.
For a more specific idea of the prevalence of periodontal diseases in California and the rest of USA, let’s take a look at some of the related statistics. According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research Data here are some key takeaways regarding the periodontal diseases in the USA:
- 8.52% of all US adults are impacted by periodontal disease
- 6.4% females have periodontal disease
- 10.65% males are affected by periodontal disease
- American adults aged 50 to 64 experience the highest rate of periodontal disease at 11.88% and adults in the age group of 35 to 49 have periodontal disease at 10.41%
- Among the US residents with income less than 199 percent of the federal poverty level, 13.95% have periodontal disease
- While among Americans with income surpassing 200 percent of the federal poverty level, 5.96% have periodontal disease
- 14.74% of smokers are affected by this disease
- 5.78% of Americans who have more than a high school education and 17.33% of Americans with less than high school education are impacted by periodontal disease
Key Facts about Oral Health in California
- Tooth decay is the most common chronic oral health condition in children. 54% of kindergarteners, 70% of third graders and nearly one third of children have untreated tooth decay. It is estimated that children miss 874,000 school days every year due to dental problems.
- The prevalence of tooth loss among the age group of 65-74 was 8.7% compared with 24% for the USA as a whole.
- African-American adults have higher mortality rates from oral cancers as compared to adults of other racial/ethnic groups. Even though these cancers can be easily self-inspected during medical or dental examinations, around 68.6% of oral and oropharyngeal cancers are diagnosed at an advanced stage. By this time the prognosis for both survival and quality of life is poor.
Prevalence of Periodontal Diseases Based on Gender and Age
- Women – Hormonal changes affect women’s gum health. Some women suffer from menstrual gingivitis. Studies have also shown that pregnant women are at a higher risk of developing gum diseases. Also, postmenopausal women with gum diseases were more likely to develop breast cancer. Gum diseases in women have been linked with more serious health conditions such as diabetes, pregnancy complications, heart diseases and osteoporosis.
- Men – It has been found through research that men are at a greater risk of developing periodontal disease at 56.4% as compared to women at 38.4%. The reason may be that men are have worse indicators of periodontal health than in women, including signs like higher incidence of tartar, dental plaque or bleeding when probed. Men are also less likely to go to the dentist than women. Also, since men are more prone to developing heart diseases, they may be able to lower their risk of associated heart diseases by maintaining healthy gums. Research has also shown that men with periodontal diseases are mostly 54% more likely to develop pancreatic cancer, 49% more likely to develop kidney cancer and 30% more likely to develop blood cancer.
- Adults – Studies have shown that 8.52% of American adults between the ages of 20 to 64 have periodontal disease. 5.08% of adults in the same age group suffer from moderate to severe periodontal disease. Older American adults, Blacks and Hispanics who smoke and have lower income and less education are more likely to have periodontal disease.
- Seniors – It is found through studies that 17.20% of American seniors aged 65 and above have periodontal disease. 10.58% of seniors have moderate or severe periodontal disease. Older senior Americans, Blacks and Hispanic seniors who smoke and have low income and less education are more likely to have periodontal disease.
If you are one of the 85% of American adults with gum diseases, consult a dentist near you immediately. Dr. Long and his experienced team will help you reduce the risk of periodontal disease and improve your overall oral health. If you are looking for a periodontist in Fresno, CA, book an appointment with us at Dr. Michael Long today.